Cao da Serra da Estrela (sort-haired)

Life expectancy

12 years

Age adult

34 months

Height (Shoulder height)

67 cm


45 kg

Coat texture

short-haired / undercoat

Coat color

grey, falb, yellow, white markings

Common illnesses

dysplasia of the hip joint / gastric torsion

Food expenses per month in €

about € 84

Suitable for children

Rather not

Needs a garden

Rather yes

Hunting motivated / needs alternative employment

Rather not

First dog suitable

Rather not

Allergy friendly

Rather not


less atletic


Needs more attention

Care and grooming

Medium grooming effort

Eager to learn



Needs more exercise


alert / bold / stubborn / lively / loyal / independent / cuddly

Bred for

livestock guardian dog

Common illnesses

dysplasia of the hip joint / gastric torsion

Dog type according to FCI

pinscher and schnauzer - molossoid - swiss mountain and cattledogs

FCI description

Section 1 Pinscher and Schnauzer. These were once farm dogs that kept house and stables free of mice and rats. They also protected against intruders and accompanied the carts. They are often independent, suspicious of strangers and vigilant.

Section 2 Molossoids. These great dane-like dogs were used in the war as fighting dogs and in the Middle Ages for big game hunting. Later for guarding large estates. They are big, defensive dogs who protect and defend their family. They need a loving education early on and must not be armed in any way, otherwise the strong animals get out of control. Also the mountain dogs were typical house and yard dogs which are ready to defend but little aggressive. With same-sex conspecific, they get along however usually less well because of its distinctive precinct-behavior.

Section 3 Swiss Mountain Dog. These worked as herd prodection dogs or guard dogs in alpine valleys or pulled milk carts. They are independent, territorial and guarded house, yard and livestock.

Many dogs from this group grow very big, have a strong personality and need patient training. They can become great partners for life if you have enough space and time. Others are small, but still stubborn and want to be challenged so that their activity and vigilance can be lived out and not used against others.

Short description

The Cao da Serra da Estrela is a loving protector, which is independent, intelligent and alert. As a protecting dog he is very loyal to his family and flock and protects them from any threat. He needs a lot of space to roam around, likes exercise and beeing outdoor. A soft but firm training is recommend.

This information is indicative and adheres to the breed standard. Each animal is an individual and has a personal character, as well as its own needs. Thus, a breed is not a guarantee of certain behaviors, etc.