Belgian Malinois

Other names


Life expectancy

11 years

Age adult

22 months

Height (Shoulder height)

60 cm


30 kg

Coat texture

short-haired / undercoat / flat / dense

Coat color

falb to red-brown with black mask and black cloudiness

Common illnesses

dysplasia of the hip joint / elbow dysplasia / idiopathic epilepsy / cerebellar ataxia

Food expenses per month in €

about € 68

Suitable for children

Rather not

Needs a garden

Rather not

Hunting motivated / needs alternative employment

Rather not

First dog suitable

Rather not

Allergy friendly

Rather not


Very atletic


Needs much attention

Care and grooming

Low grooming effort

Eager to learn



Needs a lot of exercise


quick and eager to learn / alert / intelligent / nervous / protective / attentive / agile / likes to work

Bred for

work dog / watchdog / guard house and farm / cattle dog / Zughund (meist im zweier Gespann)

Common illnesses

dysplasia of the hip joint / elbow dysplasia / idiopathic epilepsy / cerebellar ataxia

Dog type according to FCI

sheepdogs and cattledogs (exept swiss cattledogs)

FCI description

Shepherd dogs have the task to defend their herd from bear and wolf attacks. They are usually suspicious of strangers. Especially at dusk, when people go to rest, their instincts of defense and guarding become active. They are often insecure outside their territory. These animals need a task as working dogs. Shepherd dogs are not dependent on humans, because they must react independently and quickly to danger.

Cattledogs drive the cattle of the traders with a lot of barking, sometimes over long distances, to the market. They protect it from thieves and make sure that none escapes. These powerful, robust dogs have great assertiveness, because in certain situations they have to decide for themselves what to do.

Shepherd dogs emerged as agriculture grew and wolves were largely extinct. No longer protecting the independent, but keeping and driving the herd animals together without much barking became their tasks. They work together with the shepherd, have to react to his instructions as quick as lightning, but are also able to make their own decisions. They are fast, intelligent, agile, persevering and want to work.

Undemanded dogs in this group tend to have behavioural problems. Their instinct to keep the herd together is innate. For example, it happens that fast-moving children are tweaked into change. They need a clear, loving education, a task or a substitute task and are to be inspired for sporty activities.

Also, these animals must learn to come to rest. The active part is no problem for them, but if they are overstrained and do not come to rest, this can also lead to behavior problems.

Short description

The Belgian Malinois was bred to be a herding and cattle dog and belongs to the Belgian Shpherds. Even if he does not seem like it at first sight, he is a robust and strong working dog, that can work to capacity. His brilliance, high performance and will to work leads to the impression that the smart dog is quite nervous. If this dog remains unchallenged, he can turn aggressive easily. If you work with the Malinois competently he can be a wonderful partner, that likes to be trained as a police dog.

This information is indicative and adheres to the breed standard. Each animal is an individual and has a personal character, as well as its own needs. Thus, a breed is not a guarantee of certain behaviors, etc.